Resources And Development of Class 10
They can be put into use with the help of existing technical ‘know-how’ but their use has not been started.
e.g.River water can be used for generating hydroelectric power but presently, it is being utilized only to a limited extent.
INTERDEPENDENT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NATURE, TECHNOLOGY & INSTITUTIONS:
The process of transformation of things available in an environment involves an interdependent relationship between nature, technology and institutions.
- Human beings interact in the nature through technology and create institutions to accelerate their economic development.
- Human beings themselves are essential components of resource. They transform material into resources and use them.
DEVELOPMENT OF RESOURCES:
It is a necessary exercise for the utilization of resource, is not only exploitation but also preservation & reuse.
- Land has to be cleared of forests or unwanted plants before agriculture.
- Minerals have to be dugout and smelt before being converted into machinery.
- Water has to be taken to fields to irrigate lands.
a. Points to be kept in mind while using the natural resources:
- Renewable resources should not be put to wrong use or polluted.
- Nonrenewable resources should be used properly & should be preserved for the future generation also.
b. Human beings have used the resources indiscriminately and this has led to the following major problems:
- Depletion of resources for satisfying the greed of few individuals.
- Accumulation of resources in few hands, which in turn divided the society into two segments i.e. haves and have not or rich and poor.
- Indiscriminate exploitation of resources has led to global ecological crises such as, global warming, ozone layer depletion, environmental pollution and land degradation.
c. Sustainable development:
Sustainable economic development means ‘development should take place without damaging the environment, and development in the present should not compromise with the needs of the future generations.’