Resources And Development of Class 10
NEED OF PLANNING:
- Planning is needed for the judicious use of resources
- It is important for India, as it has enormous diversity in the availability of resources.
- There are regions which are rich in certain types of resources.
- There are regions which are self-sufficient in the availability of resources.
- There are regions which have acute shortage of some vital resources.
- State of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh are rich in minerals and coal deposits, but lacks in infrastructural development.
- Arunachal Pradesh has abundance of water resources but lacks infrastructural development.
- Rajasthan is rich in solar and wind energy, but lacks in water resources.
- Ladakh is deficient in water and some vital mineral but rich in heritage.
- This calls for balanced resource planning at the national, state, regional and local levels.
RESOURCE PLANNING IN INDIA:
Resource planning is a complex process which involves:
1. Identification and inventory of resources across the regions of the country:
This involves surveying, mapping and qualitative and quantitative estimation and measurement of the resources
2. Evolving a Planning Structure:
Its appropriate technology, skill and institutional set up for implementing resource development Plan.
3. Matching the resource development Plans:
The resource development plan must match with the overall national development plan.
INDIA’S EFFORTS FOR ACHIEVING THE GOALS OF RESOURCE PLANNING:
- Availability of resource is necessary for the development of any region.
- Resource can contribute to development only when there is technological development.
- Quality of human resources and historical experiences of the people are also required.
- The history of colonization reveals that rich resources in colonies were the main attractions for the foreign invaders.
- It was primarily the higher level of technological development of the colonizing countries that helped them to exploit resources of other regions and establish their supremacy over the colonies.
- Therefore, in India, development, in genera and resources development in particular does not only involves the availability of resources, but also the technology, quality of human resources and the historical experience of the people.
CONSERVATION OF RESOURCES:
Is a judicious and planned use of natural resources?
- Most of the resources are nonrenewable, once they get exhausted, can never be reused.
- Economic development of a nation depends to a great extent on the richness, development and management of the resources.
- In-appropriate & reckless utilization of resources can deplete them.
- Over exploitation causes damage to the existing environment.
GANDHI’S VIEWS ON CONSERVATION OF RESOURCES
- There is enough for everybody’s need and not for any body’s greed.
- He placed the greedy & selfish individuals and exploitative nature of modern technology as the root cause for resource depletion at the global level.
- He was against mass production and wanted to replace it with the production by the masses.