Resources And Development of Class 10
Everything available in our environment which can be used to satisfy our needs provided, it is technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as 'Resource'.
Are resources free gifts of nature?
No, resources are a function of human activities. Human beings themselves are essential components of resources. They transform material available in our environment into resources and use them.
IMPORTANCE OF RESOURCES:
- Resources form the backbone of the economy of the nation.
- Resources form the base for economic strength & prosperity.
- By utilizing natural resources, humans have created their own world of living.
- Resources have utility.
- (Resources are normally available in limited quantity.
- Man has to make effort to get utility from the resources.
- Resources provide services and help us to create goods?
- Utility of a resource or its usability changes with improvement in science and technology.
CLASSIFICATION OF RESOURCES:
Basis of Classification
Flora and fauna
Fossil Fuel, metals
Private land, orchard
Village Pond, Park
International Ocean Territory starts after 200 km of national boundary
Stage of Development
Potential resources are yet to be exploited
Potential wind energy source in desserts of India Coal Mines, Oil wells
Stock, potential can’t be exploited because of lack of technology or capital
Geothermal Power Resource Hydrogen Fuel
On the basis of origin:
These are obtained from biosphere and have life.
e.g. Human beings, flora and fauna, fisheries, livestock etc.
All those things which are composed of nonliving things are called abiotic resources. For example, rocks and metals.
On the basis of exhaustibility:
The resources which can be renewed or reproduced by physical, chemical or mechanical processes are known as renewable or replenish able resources.
e.g.Solar and wind energy, water, forests and wildlife etc.
They occur over a very long geological time. These resources take millions of years in their formation.
e.g.metals, fossil fuels etc.
On the Basis of Ownership:
These are also owned privately by individuals. Plantation, pasture lands, ponds, water in wells etc. are some of the examples of resources owned by individuals.
Community Owned Resources:
These are resources which are accessible to all the members of the community. Village commons (grazing grounds, burial grounds, village ponds, etc.) Public parks, picnic spots, playgrounds in urban areas are accessible to all the people living there.
Technically all the resources available in a country belong to that nation are called national resources.
e.g.All the minerals water resources, forests, wild life, land etc
There are international institutions which regulate some resources. The oceanic resources beyond 200 km of the Exclusive Economic Zone belong to open ocean and no individual country can utilise these without the concurrences of international institutions.
On the Basis of the Status of Development:
Resources which are found in a region, but have not been utilized. Properly despite availability of technology.
e.g.Gujarat & Rajasthan have potential for the development of wind & Solar energy, but so far these have not been developed properly.
Resources which are surveyed and their quality and quantity have been determined for utilization, the development of resources depends on technology and level of their feasibility.
Materials which have the potential to satisfy human needs but human beings do not have the appropriate technology to access these. Reserves are the subset of the stock, which can be put into use with the help of existing technical 'know how' but their use has not been started.